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Sunday, April 20, 2014

Author Archive: Carole Gan

Uncovering traumatic brain injury in the NFL

Learn more What: “League of Denial: The NFL’s Concussion Crisis,” a PBS “Frontline” documentary featuring Bennet Omalu, a UC Davis associate clinical professor of pathology When: 9-11 p.m. Tuesday Where: KVIE, Channel 6 Bennet Omalu began investigating brain tissue changes in athletes when he was working as a young pathologist in the Allegheny County coroner’s office […]

Survey shows gun sellers support expanded background checks

SACRAMENTO — A scientific survey of gun dealers and pawnbrokers in 43 U.S. states has found nearly unanimous support for denying gun purchases based on prior convictions and for serious mental illness with a history of violence or alcohol or drug abuse — conditions that might have prevented Washington Navy Yard shooter Aaron Alexis from […]

UCD vaccine fends off virus that strikes weak immune systems

SACRAMENTO — An experimental vaccine against human cytomegalovirus infection — which endangers the developing fetus, organ transplant recipients, patients with HIV and others who have a weakened immune system — proved safe and more effective than previous vaccines. Developed by a team of scientists at UC Davis and the University of Alabama, Birmingham, the first-of-its-kind […]

UCD method used to screen for TB in Pakistan

More than 20,000 people in Pakistan are being tested for the potentially deadly stage of tuberculosis using a new strategy developed at UC Davis Health System to effectively detect the disease in children for the first time. At least 600 million people in Pakistan, India and Bangladesh are infected with the tuberculosis bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. […]

Microchip measures heart disease risk

Using a special microchip that can perform laboratory functions, a team of cardiologists and biomedical engineers from UC Davis has identified cells linked with inflammation and varying degrees of heart disease. The “lab on a chip,” which is based on technology used to evaluate chemicals and cell-to-cell interactions, one day may lead to a rapid […]

Study shows how immune system sorts friends, foes

UC Davis researchers have shown how the innate immune system distinguishes between dangerous pathogens and friendly microbes. Like burglars entering a house, hostile bacteria give themselves away by breaking into cells. However, sensing proteins instantly detect the invasion, triggering an alarm that mobilizes the innate immune response. This new understanding of immunity ultimately could help […]

Survey: Retailers take hard line on illegal gun sales

Special to The Enterprise SACRAMENTO — A scientific survey of more than 1,600 gun retailers in the United States has found that gun buyers frequently try to make illegal purchases and that gun retailers take a dim view of fellow sellers who engage in illegal activity — regardless of whether they are actively breaking the […]

New med students hope to help poor

Six years ago, Leopoldine Matialeu didn’t speak English that well and was living in a shelter with her younger sister after her mother had lost her job. Today, she is one of 109 UC Davis medical students who will begin classes on Monday. “My desire to pursue a higher education was a priceless gift that […]

UCD study: Memory in adults impacted by versions of four genes

SACRAMENTO — Two research studies, co-led by UC Davis neurologist Charles DeCarli and conducted by an international team that included more than 80 scientists, has advanced understanding of the genetic components of Alzheimer’s disease and of brain development. Both studies appear in the April 15 edition of the journal Nature Genetics. They involve 71 institutions in […]

Transplant chief makes point of saying ‘thanks’ to donor families

Special to The Enterprise SACRAMENTO — Medical advances have made organ transplantation surgery — once considered a short-term, largely experimental option — remarkably successful, extending the lives of thousands of recipients each year. Of course, every transplant begins with a donation, which is not simply a clinical endeavor, but at its core reflects a humanitarian […]

Women often victims of stray bullets in shootings, UCD study finds

Special to The Enterprise SACRAMENTO — More than 40 percent of those hurt in stray-bullet shootings nationwide from March 2008 to February 2009 were women, according to a study conducted by Garen Wintemute, director of the Violence Prevention Research Program at UC Davis School of Medicine and Medical Center. Wintemute’s is the first nationwide study […]

UCD: Brain changes in football players differ from Alzheimer’s

Special to The Enterprise SACRAMENTO — The brain damage found in a growing number of professional football players has been described in detail by a UC Davis Medical Center researcher and colleagues in the July issue of Neurosurgery. The pattern of protein tangles and plaques in chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE, is distinct from those […]

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