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Wednesday, April 16, 2014
YOLO COUNTY NEWS
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Author Archive: Pat Bailey

UCD-led team conquers pine genome

The massive genome sequence of the loblolly pine — the most commercially important tree species in the United States and the source of most American paper products — has been completed by a nationwide research team, led by a UC Davis scientist. The draft genome — approximately seven times bigger than the human genome — […]

Plants, bacteria wage immunity war

Long before nations devised complex military strategies, plants had their own built-in systems for thwarting potential attacks by disease-causing microbes. Two new players in this mutual seek-and-destroy struggle between the plant and microbial worlds have been identified by an international team of researchers, including a UC Davis plant scientist. The journal Science published the finds […]

UCD keeps top worldwide ranking in ag teaching, research

For the second consecutive year, UC Davis ranks No. 1 in the world for teaching and research in the area of agriculture and forestry, according to rankings released Wednesday by QS World University Rankings. The organization — which provides annual rankings in 29 other subject areas — also ranked UCD among the top 15 in […]

UCD to lead $4 M chickpea research project

A new research effort, designed to improve the productivity of chickpea varieties by harnessing the genetic diversity of wild species, was launched this week in Ethiopia through the federal Feed the Future Initiative and under the leadership of UC Davis. Feed the Future is the U.S. government’s global hunger and food security initiative. The new, […]

Horse hormone find may aid human pregnancies

Identification of a new pregnancy-supporting hormone in horses has resolved a reproductive mystery that has puzzled scientists for decades, and it may have important implications for sustaining human pregnancies, reports a team of researchers led by a UC Davis veterinary scientist. Characterization of the hormone, dihydroprogesterone, or DHP, may lead the way to better hormone […]

Monkeys could teach bankers a thing or two, researchers say

All jokes about monkey business aside, primate social networks provide valuable lessons that could help predict and prevent catastrophes like the global financial crisis of 2008, report UC Davis researchers. The behaviors of captive rhesus macaque monkeys and the banking industry both comprise complex networks. In this study, the researchers propose that crises are sometimes […]

Genome sequencing reveals what puts heat in hot peppers

The genome of the hot pepper, the world’s most widely grown spice crop, has been sequenced by a large international team of researchers, including UC Davis scientists. The new reference genome sheds light on the biology of the pepper’s hallmark pungency, or spiciness, as well as its fruit-ripening and disease-resistance mechanisms. It also reveals new […]

River water diversions threaten sturgeon, study shows

UC Davis researchers have used laboratory studies to estimate the risk to young green sturgeon, which may be killed by unscreened pipes that divert water from the Sacramento River into adjacent farm fields. The study confirms that this ancient protected fish species may be jeopardized by the current system of water diversion pipes. The findings […]

Plant geneticist Dubcovsky tapped for Wolf Prize, ag’s Nobel

Jorge Dubcovsky, an acclaimed UC Davis plant geneticist and international leader in wheat genomics, was named a recipient of the 2014 Wolf Prize in Agriculture on Thursday. The $100,000 Wolf Prizes are awarded annually by the Wolf Foundation to outstanding scientists and artists in the fields of agriculture, chemistry, physics, mathematics, medicine and the arts. […]

Donations sought for pets of homeless

If pets of the needy and homeless in our region could write to Santa, their wish list might include a new sweater or coat to ward off winter’s chill. Community members have an opportunity to help Santa deliver on those wishes through the Mercer Clinic holiday pet basket drive, annually coordinated by a team of […]

Researchers take aim at fruit pest

The spotted wing drosophila, a major pest that targets berries and cherries and other fruits in the United States, Canada and Europe, is itself being targeted, thanks to groundbreaking genome sequencing at UC Davis and a public-access Web portal hosted at Oregon State University. The work is expected to accelerate basic and applied research, leading […]

Sequencing opens window on wine’s microbial terroir

It’s widely accepted that terroir — the unique blend of a vineyard’s soils, water and climate — sculpts the flavor and quality of wine. Now, a new study led by UC Davis researchers offers evidence that grapes and the wines they produce are also the product of an unseen but fairly predictable microbial terroir, itself […]

Malaria mosquitoes crossbreed, study finds

A new study by researchers at UC Davis and in Mali finds that many of the assumptions underlying current thinking about the genetics of two key subgroups of malaria mosquitoes are false. For the past decade, scientists around the world have intensely studied the two forms of the African malaria mosquito, Anopheles gambiae. It was […]

Study: Vine screening worth $60M to Napa-Sonoma

Providing disease-free grapevines and rootstock to California’s famed North Coast wine region is more than a good idea — it’s money-wise to the tune of more than $60 million annually, according to a report from UC Davis researchers. To quantify this benefit, the researchers developed an economic framework to conduct a case study of grapevine […]

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