Thursday, October 23, 2014
YOLO COUNTY NEWS
99 CENTS

County, state see increase in sexually transmitted diseases

By
From page A1 | July 04, 2014 |

The number of sexually transmitted diseases continues to increase in Yolo County, mirroring increases being seen statewide and across the country, according to data released by the state Department of Public Health this week.

Locally, officials have seen the chlamydia rate climb steadily between 2010 and 2013, from a rate of 272.3 cases per 100,000 residents three years ago to a rate of 337.5 in 2013 — still well below the statewide rate of 439.5.

Rates were highest in Yolo County for females ages 20 to 24 (241 cases in the county in 2013), followed by females ages 15 to 19 (116 cases).

Chlamydia is the most commonly reported STD in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control, and is easily cured with antibiotics. However, the CDC reports, many infections go undetected because those infected often have no symptoms. Left untreated, chlamydia can put women at increased risk of chronic pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy and infertility.

The CDC recommends that sexually active females under age 25 be tested for chlamydia every year.

Statewide, 168,000 cases of chlamydia were reported in 2013 and 38,000 cases of gonorrhea, according to the state Department of Public Health.

Gonorrhea on the rise

The gonorrhea rate had been stable in Yolo County for several years until it, too, began to increase in 2011. Since then, the rate has nearly tripled from 23.2 cases per 100,000 residents to 68.9. The statewide rate, meanwhile, increased from 73.1 to 100.4 over the same period.

Like chlamydia, gonorrhea can be treated with antibiotics but often produces no symptoms. Left untreated, it also can lead to ectopic pregnancies and infertility. Additionally, the CDC reports the number of drug-resistant strains of gonorrhea is increasing.

Gonorrhea rates were highest among males ages 25 to 29 in Yolo County in 2012, followed by males ages 20 to 24, and rates were higher for males than females in every age group except those under the age of 19.

Six Yolo County girls between the ages of 10 and 14 and one under the age of 9 were diagnosed with gonorrhea in 2012, but no boys in those age ranges were, according to the state’s numbers.

Yolo County’s gonorrhea rate has continued to increase in 2014, county officials said, but the chlamydia rate appears to have leveled off this year.

The ongoing spread of sexually transmitted diseases remains a concern to health officials.

“Sexually transmitted diseases can cause major health problems for people over time,” Dr. Ron Chapman, the state’s health officer, said in a news release Tuesday. “This increase is concerning, particularly because STDs are preventable.”

People can reduce their risk by using condoms, reducing their number of sexual partners, being in a monogamous relationship or practicing abstinence, Chapman said.

“Any sexually active person can get an STD through unprotected sex,” he added.

The rates of all STDs combined continue to be highest among people ages 15 to 24 years of age, especially females, with more than 66 percent of female chlamydia cases and more than 54 percent of female gonorrhea cases statewide being in that age group. That group is also most vulnerable to infertility and other long-term reproductive health problems caused by STDs, Chapman said.

Racial disparities

Profound racial disparities persist as well, according to the state report.

In 2013, the statewide African-American gonorrhea rate of 351.1 per 100,000 was 6.2 times the non-Hispanic white rate of 56.9 per 100,000. Locally as well, African-American males in Yolo County had the highest rate of gonorrhea followed by white and Latino males. Similarly, African-Americans had the highest rate of chlamydia, followed by Latinos and Native Americans.

The state has been working to address health disparities in STDs, according to the Public Health Department, by identifying census tracts with high rates of infection and focusing interventions in those areas. These interventions include supporting comprehensive sex education, improving access to sexual health services and helping schools build supportive environments for all youths, including lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender students.

Additionally, the department trains medical providers on assessing patient risk for STDs, screening appropriately and using the most effective treatments, and works with local health jurisdictions to coordinate disease prevention and control efforts statewide, including helping identify infected individuals and assuring that they and their partners get treated.

The Centers for Disease Control estimates there are 20 million new STD infections every year in the United States, costing the American medical system $16 billion in health care costs. And while the consequences of untreated infections are often worse for young women, the CDC reports the annual number of new infections is roughly equal among young women and young men.

— Reach Anne Ternus-Bellamy at aternus@davisenterprise.net or 530-747-8051. Follow her on Twitter at @ATernusBellamy

Comments

comments

Anne Ternus-Bellamy

.

News

Davis Innovation Center application gives city options

By Dave Ryan | From Page: A1 | Gallery

 
Pioneer students meet K-9 Officer Dexter

By Anne Ternus-Bellamy | From Page: A1 | Gallery

 
Versatile cycling contributor Casale Jr. heads to Hall of Fame

By Bruce Gallaudet | From Page: A1 | Gallery

 
Huge gold nugget going up for sale

By The Associated Press | From Page: A2

Leading indicators up 0.8%

By The Associated Press | From Page: A2

 
 
Canada stunned by attacks

By The Associated Press | From Page: A2

Police warn of IRS phone scam

By Enterprise staff | From Page: A2

 
UCD Vet Med hosts animal ‘adoptathon’

By Special to The Enterprise | From Page: A3

High-flying fun at University Airport

By Enterprise staff | From Page: A3 | Gallery

 
Mercer Clinic benefits from pooch costume pics

By Enterprise staff | From Page: A3

Day of the Dead observance focuses on refugee children

By Enterprise staff | From Page: A3

 
Parents’ Night Out on Friday at Pole Line Baptist

By Special to The Enterprise | From Page: A3

Military Families seek help to send Hugs from Home

By Enterprise staff | From Page: A3

 
Arboretum plant sale is Saturday

By Enterprise staff | From Page: A3

DPNS has play group, preschool openings

By Enterprise staff | From Page: A3

 
Day of the Dead folk art class set

By Enterprise staff | From Page: A4

A nose for mysteries: ‘Cadaver dog’ work more accepted by cops, courts

By The Associated Press | From Page: A4 | Gallery

 
Check out classic cars once again

By Enterprise staff | From Page: A4

Fly-casting champion will speak to fishing enthusiasts

By Special to The Enterprise | From Page: A4 | Gallery

 
Flea Market planned Sunday

By Enterprise staff | From Page: A4

Carlton invites community to its Haunted Harvest

By Enterprise staff | From Page: A4

 
‘Bak2Sac’ free train ride program launched

By Enterprise staff | From Page: A5

Cooperatives meet community needs

By Special to The Enterprise | From Page: A6

 
Co-op trivia

By Special to The Enterprise | From Page: A7

Author visits Woodland for community book project

By Enterprise staff | From Page: A9

 
.

Forum

Knowledgeable, experienced

By Letters to the Editor | From Page: B4

 
A leader our schools deserve

By Letters to the Editor | From Page: B4

We need Sunder on board

By Letters to the Editor | From Page: B4

 
Our view: Two more years for Garamendi

By Our View | From Page: B4

We support Archer, Adams

By Letters to the Editor | From Page: B4

 
Tom Meyer cartoon

By Debbie Davis | From Page: B4

A force for good on board

By Letters to the Editor | From Page: B4

 
Two are especially qualified

By Letters to the Editor | From Page: B4

We have confidence in Madhavi

By Letters to the Editor | From Page: B4

 
I support John Garamendi

By Letters to the Editor | From Page: B4

.

Sports

Picture-perfect: DHS field hockey finishes 14-0

By Enterprise staff | From Page: B1 | Gallery

 
Davis tennis team takes title

By Enterprise staff | From Page: B1 | Gallery

Giants loss evens World Series at 1-1

By The Associated Press | From Page: B1 | Gallery

 
Aggie men beat Cal Poly, 1-0; alone at the top

By Bruce Gallaudet | From Page: B1 | Gallery

Blue Devils look for first home victory

By Thomas Oide | From Page: B1

 
Devil soccer loss sets up important final week

By Enterprise staff | From Page: B2

JV/frosh roundup: DHS underclassmen shine in water polo events

By Enterprise staff | From Page: B3 | Gallery

 
Youth roundup: Hurricanes handle American River twice in one day

By Enterprise staff | From Page: B3 | Gallery

 
.

Features

What’s happening

By Anne Ternus-Bellamy | From Page: A8

 
Hand sanitizer versus soap and water

By Anne Ternus-Bellamy | From Page: A8

Girl Scouts join effort to keep kids healthy

By Anne Ternus-Bellamy | From Page: A8 | Gallery

 
Name Droppers: Foster parent heads to First 5

By Enterprise staff | From Page: A12

.

Arts

 
If it can go wrong it will go wrong

By Michael Lewis | From Page: A10

 
San Francisco Symphony visits with conductor/pianist Zacharias

By Jeff Hudson | From Page: A10 | Gallery

Jam with folk musicians on Friday

By Enterprise staff | From Page: A11

 
DHS Madrigals host singing workshop

By Enterprise staff | From Page: A11

 
DHS Madrigals plan traditional English winter celebration

By Enterprise staff | From Page: A11

DMTC plans Halloween karaoke fundraiser

By Enterprise staff | From Page: A11

 
The Rhythm Future Quartet plays at Village Homes Community Center

By Enterprise staff | From Page: A11 | Gallery

 
All are welcome at Fun Time Follies

By Enterprise staff | From Page: A11

‘Under the Covers’ concert benefits KDRT

By Enterprise staff | From Page: A11

 
.

Business

.

Obituaries

Dorothy Foytik

By Enterprise staff | From Page: A4

 
Mariana Brumbaugh Henwood

By Special to The Enterprise | From Page: A4

.

Comics

Comics: Thursday, October 23, 2014

By Creator | From Page: B10