Sunday, January 25, 2015
YOLO COUNTY NEWS
99 CENTS

MIND Institute gets grant to study ADHD in teens

By
From page A3 | October 31, 2012 |

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder affects the brain’s ability to assert self-control, of particular concern during adolescence. That’s when the negative consequences of poor self-control can result in choices that can diminish lifetime possibilities for achievement, such as dropping out of school, substance abuse, driving while under the influence or engaging in unprotected sex.

How the brains of adolescents with ADHD differ from those of people without the condition will be the focus of research funded by a new, four-year, nearly $3 million grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to researchers with the UC Davis MIND Institute. The study will examine ADHD, brain development and self-control among teens and young adults.

The researchers said their study will be the first longitudinal functional brain imaging study to assess the underlying neural mechanisms of self-control at work in ADHD. This pioneering work will also be the first to study how components related to self-control develop in typically developing teens and young adults and relate to academic outcomes.

The grant to Julie Schweitzer, associate professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences, and her colleagues, will examine how differences in the trajectory of brain systems change in response to development in 100 typically developing teens and young adults and 100 study participants with ADHD between the ages of 12 and 23.

“This project is novel because we have very little information gathered in a longitudinal fashion, where we assess change in brain functioning in the same participants, over a period of time in either typically developing teens or those with ADHD, ” Schweitzer said. “This study will go the next step and also examine how measures of brain functioning might predict how well teens perform academically, stay in school and get their high school diploma or are able to reliably go to work.”

Schweitzer said the study will tease apart the underlying brain processes and behavior that contributes to how adolescents and young adults make decisions that can have long-term consequences. For example, in the study a teen will be asked to decide whether to respond to a text from a friend or ignore it and keep studying for a test. Responding to a text might be much more enticing at the time, but earning a good grade might help with getting a job or into college.

“Having the self-control to ignore immediate rewards, such as text messages, appears to be harder in the teen years. We want to find out what neural systems govern those decisions and how we might identify different interventions that might work better at different developmental stages for teens with and without ADHD,” Schweitzer said.

At the UC Davis MIND Institute, scientists engage in collaborative, interdisciplinary research to find the causes of and develop treatments and cures for autism, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, fragile X syndrome, 22q11.2 deletion syndrome, Down syndrome and other neurodevelopmental disorders. For more information, visit mindinstitute.ucdavis.edu.

Comments

comments

Special to The Enterprise

  • Recent Posts

  • Enter your email address to subscribe to this newspaper and receive notifications of new articles by email.

  • .

    News

    Four days of unusual, adventuresome music

    By Jeff Hudson | From Page: A1 | Gallery

     
    Bridges of Yolo County: Wear, tear … repair?

    By Elizabeth Case | From Page: A1 | Gallery

     
    Spanish police arrest 4 suspected members of a jihadi cell

    By The Associated Press | From Page: A2

    Rockets kill 30 in Ukrainian city as rebels launch offensive

    By The Associated Press | From Page: A2

     
    Abe ‘speechless’ after video claims IS hostage dead

    By The Associated Press | From Page: A2

    GOP presses state bills limiting gay rights before ruling

    By The Associated Press | From Page: A2

     
    Abortion opponents express renewed hope at California rally

    By The Associated Press | From Page: A2

    Fake schools draw federal scrutiny

    By The Associated Press | From Page: A3 | Gallery

     
    Winter produce available at Sutter market

    By Special to The Enterprise | From Page: A3

    Vote for your favorites in Readers’ Choice poll

    By Enterprise staff | From Page: A3

     
    Share your love (story) with us

    By Enterprise staff | From Page: A3

     
    Sip wines at St. James’ annual tasting

    By Special to The Enterprise | From Page: A3

    Speaker will share computer security tips

    By Enterprise staff | From Page: A4

     
    Explore at the YOLO Outdoor Expo

    By Enterprise staff | From Page: A4

    Pedal around Davis on weekly bike ride

    By Enterprise staff | From Page: A4

     
    Donations to be distributed during homeless count

    By Anne Ternus-Bellamy | From Page: A4

     
    Speaker will share computer security tips

    By Enterprise staff | From Page: A4

    Logos Books celebrates 5 years, offers language groups

    By Enterprise staff | From Page: A4

     
    Yolo animal shelter seeking rawhide donations

    By Lauren Keene | From Page: A5

    Woodland Healthcare employees take Great Kindness Challenge

    By Special to The Enterprise | From Page: A5

     
    At the Pond: Nest boxes give birds new homes

    By Jean Jackman | From Page: A6 | Gallery

    California ranks worst in nation for guidance counselors

    By The Associated Press | From Page: A7

     
    Words and Music Festival events

    By Jeff Hudson | From Page: A12

    Davis, Woodland are saving water

    By Elizabeth Case | From Page: A12

     
    .

    Forum

    Family isn’t keen on relationship

    By Creators Syndicate | From Page: A8

     
     
    Caring for the aging mouth

    By Samer Alassaad | From Page: A8

    Rick McKee cartoon

    By Debbie Davis | From Page: A10

     
    Big utilities’ nightmare begins to play out

    By Tom Elias | From Page: A10

    Mayor’s Corner: Let’s renew Davis together

    By Dan Wolk | From Page: A10

     
    We have the right to choose

    By Letters to the Editor | From Page: A10

    We don’t have to suffer

    By Letters to the Editor | From Page: A10

     
    City helped immensely

    By Letters to the Editor | From Page: A10

    When measles spreads from Disneyland, it’s a small world after all

    By New York Times News Service | From Page: A11

     
    From innovation parks to innovative buildings and planning

    By Special to The Enterprise | From Page: A11

    .

    Sports

    Lady Devils hold off Pacers, stay perfect in league

    By Enterprise staff | From Page: B1

     
    Wildcats’ inaugural kids development league exceeds expectations

    By Bruce Gallaudet | From Page: B1 | Gallery

    Aggies get top 2015 gymnastics score, but fall short

    By Bruce Gallaudet | From Page: B1 | Gallery

     
    Loud crowd sees DHS boys win

    By Spencer Ault | From Page: B1 | Gallery

    UCD men take two tennis matches

    By Enterprise staff | From Page: B8

     
    Watney in ninth at Humana Challenge

    By Staff and wire reports | From Page: B8

    .

    Features

    .

    Arts

    .

    Business

     
    UCD grad makes insurance ‘hot 100′ list

    By Enterprise staff | From Page: A9

    Yolo County real estate sales

    By Zoe Juanitas | From Page: A9

     
    Davis man focusing on cannabidiol business

    By Will Bellamy | From Page: A9

    Marrone Bio’s Regalia approved for new uses in Canada

    By Special to The Enterprise | From Page: A9

     
    .

    Obituaries

    .

    Comics

    Comics: Sunday, January 25, 2015

    By Creator | From Page: B8