Clarity levels within the iconic blue waters of Lake Tahoe continued a decade-long trend of stabilization in 2013, according to UC Davis scientists who study the lake.
Data released Thursday by UCD’s Tahoe Environmental Research Center and the Tahoe Regional Planning Agency reported the average annual clarity level for 2013 at 70.1 feet.
While the reading represents a 5-foot decrease over the previous year, it is still well above the lowest value recorded in 1997 of 64.1 feet and above recent years’ averages.
The clarity level this year is the average of 25 individual readings taken throughout the year. The highest individual value recorded in 2013 was 90 feet, and the lowest was 49 feet, due to seasonal variations.
Researchers provided measurements for both winter (December-March) and summer (June-September) months. Winter clarity last year continued a long-term pattern of improvement that has been evident since 1997.
The winter average of 77.9 feet in 2013 was well above the worst point seen in 1997, although 10 feet less than in 2012. Large stream inflows in the winter of 2012-13 were mainly responsible for the lower values.
At 63.8 feet, summer clarity was almost identical to the 2012 value (64.4), but the persistent trend is still one of declining summer clarity.
Clarity is measured by the depth at which a 10-inch white disk, called a Secchi disk, remains visible when lowered beneath the water’s surface. The measurements have been taken continuously since 1968, when the Secchi disk could be seen down to 102.4 feet.
Current drought conditions have impacted the Secchi depth record. The last five readings, taken in November and December, showed significantly clearer waters than measurements taken the previous year. Low precipitation means that less clarity-reducing pollutants are brought into the lake.
“Clarity in Lake Tahoe largely reflected what we saw in the weather in 2013,” said Geoffrey Schladow, director of the Tahoe Environmental Research Center. “At the beginning of the year, clarity was lowered by large stream inflows. At the end of the year, the low inflows resulting from the drought conditions helped to improve clarity.”
While the average annual clarity in the past decade has been better than in preceding decades, it is still short of the clarity restoration target of 97.4 feet set by federal and state regulators.
A regional monitoring program for urban stormwater was initiated in the Tahoe basin in 2013. Urban stormwater runoff is believed to be the major contributor to reduced clarity at the lake. Most of that runoff occurs during the winter and spring, when rain and snowmelt carry small, inorganic particles from the land into the lake.
The new program will allow researchers and agencies to better understand the annual variations in lake clarity, and to assess the performance of restoration strategies and practices.
— UC Davis News